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More bread in the wheat homeland

Durum wheat is a dietary staple in dryland West Asia and North Africa. This is the zone of origin of this crop species, yet steadily increasing populations and shortages of arable land caused Syria to fall 28% short of its needs in annual production by 1985-89.

During 1990-97 the country made a concerted effort to increase production including favorable policies towards credit, mechanization and on-farm wellwater irrigation, and the adoption of new varieties. The extra grain produced was valued estimated US$348 million annually (Mazid et al. 2003).

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Mazid, A., Tutwiler, R., Al-Ahmed, H., Abdelali-Martini, M., and Maya, F. 2003. Impact of Modern Agricultural Technologies on Durum Wheat Production in Syria. Integrated Natural Resource Management: Technical Research Report Series No. 3. Aleppo, Syria: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas. 34 pp. ISBN 92-9127-135-1.



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