A global agricultural research-for-development partnership against desertification

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Core competencies of Oasis

The eight Future Harvest Centers participating in Oasis bring world-class scientific skills to the fight against desertification. Here is a brief list of key activities and the key expertise involved, and where the experts who do this work are based.

Center and activities


Base locations
Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT-TSBF)
Desert Margins Program (with ICRAF, ICRISAT, ILRI)

Fertilizer micro-dosing and drought tolerant varieties technology transfer for small farmer prosperity in the Sahel (with ICRISAT)Combining water harvesting techniques and nutrient management to sustain food production in the drylands of West Africa (with ICRISAT)

Promoting use of indigenous phosphate rock for soil fertility “recapitalization” in tropical AfricaPotential for payment for environmental services (PES) approaches to contribute to equitable and sustainable management of soil and water in upper catchments (CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food)

Nutrient monitoring models, decision support systems, community participation approaches Accra, Dakar, Ouagadougou, Bamako, Niamey, Nairobi, Harare


International Maize and Wheat Center (CIMMYT)
Wheat with enhanced water productivity

Resource conservation technologies for maize and wheat cropping systems

Genetic resources, DNA markers, plant physiology, agric. engineering, conservation agric., pubic-private partnerships, long-term trial management Obregon, Toluca and El Batan (Mexico), Ankara (Turkey), Harare, Beijing, New Delhi


International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
Improved land management to combat desertification

Manage scarce water resources and mitigate droughtIntegrated gene management

Diversification and sustainable improvement of rural livelihoodsPoverty and livelihood analysis

Knowledge management and dissemination for sustainable developmentRegional programs

INRM (integrated natural resources management) approaches, soil and water management and conservation technologies, land degradation monitoring and assessment, integrated crop-livestock systems, adding value to livestock products, rangeland management, crop modeling, decision support systems, up-scaling, information technology, sustainable livelihood frameworks, community participation methods, participatory plant breeding, biotechnology, drought gene mapping, genetic resources, capacity building Mexico City, Ankara, Tunis, Cairo, Aleppo, Amman, Dubai, Tehran, Tashkent


World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
Land degradation surveillance in drylands

Desert Margins Program (with CIAT, ICRISAT, ILRI)Agroforestry practices for sustainable management of drylands

Southern Africa - genetic improvement of indigenous tree fruits Eastern Africa - restoring degraded drylands

Multi-scale land degradation surveillance methods using remote sensing, GIS, soil infrared spectroscopy; tree propagation techniques. domestication of indigenous fruits; site indices for plant growth, smallholder carbon trading; greenhouse gas accounting Bamako, Kisumu, Nairobi, Harare


International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
Desert Margins Program

New Sahel ProjectDryland agroecosystem sustainable management

Breeding tropical dryland cropsDryland markets and policies

Dryland ICT for knowledge – sharing

Agronomy, cropping systems, land use, GIS, crop commercialization, seed systems, plant breeding, genetic resources, tree propagation techniques, nutrient balance monitoring, crop and nutrient modeling, biotechnology, agric. economics and economic modelling, information and communication technology Bamako, Niamey, Nairobi, Bulawayo, Maputo, Hyderabad


International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
Land resource management for poverty reduction

Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property RightsFood systems: disaster prevention, relief, and rebuilding after crises

Economic and bioeconomic models, typologies, quantitative and qualitative empirical methods, research frameworks, methods, and case studies St. Louis (Missouri), Washington DC, Dakar, Geneva


International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Desert Margins Program

Better policy and management options for pastoral landsLand Use Change Impacts and Dynamics (LUCID) Project

Climate-Land Interaction Project (CLIP)Improve livelihoods in the Sahel through bio-economic decision support systems at household level (with ICRISAT)

Agricultural transitions in West Africa: Impacts on agropastoral livelihoods, livestock mobility and the environmentSustaining water and nutrient productivity

Livestock management, rangeland ecology, land use, climate change, bio-economic decision support systems East Lansing (Michigan), Niamey, Addis Ababa, Nairobi


Africa Rice Center (WARDA)
Irrigated rice in the Sahel

Sustainable intensification of rainfed lowland rice systems for enhanced livelihoods in dry areasSeasonal floodplain water management (through Water & Food Challenge Program, with WorldFish)

Technology transfer

Rice breeding, biotechnology, genetic resources, natural resource management, crop modeling, integrated management approaches, network coordination, training St. Louis (Senegal), Bamako, Cotonou, Ibadan

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